STRUCTURAL AND DERIVATIONAL PARAMETERS OF THE SPORTS TERMINOLOGY
Keywords:term, terminology, sport terms, derivation, terminological parameters, specialized spheres of use
The paper is grounded upon the fact that the amount of vocabulary in the English language is expending and growing quickly, as its constant development and enrichment are both an obligatory condition and a direct consequence of the progress in the particular branches of human activity. It has been accentuated that all terms, fulfilling the applied function of the tools of cognition and means of fixing scientific and technological progress, are unified and fixed in the language. Based on this, the classification of terms has been done according to normativity – non-normativity.
Grounding on the number of already existing definitions, we understand a terminological phrase as a semantically integral word combination of two and more words connected by prepositions, or asyndetically. The correlation concerning the morphological structure of terms demonstrates a clearly expressed tendency of derivation being used as the main way of word-building in the development of sports terminological units. The conducted analysis of the studied mono- and multi-component terminological units showed that derivation is one of the most powerful sources of development of sport terminology. The corpus of sports terms can be described in accordance with the specialized spheres of use.
The amount of vocabulary in the English language is expending and growing quickly, as its constant development and enrichment are both an obligatory condition and a direct consequence of the progress in the particular branches of human activity. The dynamic development of sports contributes to its belonging to the social area and gains a global meaning. Sport is not only a purely professional activity of a person, but also a part of the cultural, political and economic life of the country, an integral segment of traditions and self-consciousness of the people. Sport draws attention of lots of specialists and scholars, in particular linguists, who study its verbal representation and treat sports terminology as a prior one.
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